Saturday, April 29, 2006
The official reenactors for the waterway portion of the national Lewis and Clark bicentennial commemoration passed through our community this week-end. They have canoed east from Fort Clatsop at the mouth of the mighty Columbia River to their camp at the confluence of the Snake and Columbia Rivers. The next portion of their journey takes them on horseback and foot to the Bitterroot Mountain range in Montana. Well researched and in authentic costume, they mingle and teach the history of the famous journey of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark as they explored the continent of North American from sea to shining sea.
Chinook canoes were made by the Chinook Tribe of Native Americans who lived at the mouth of the Columbia River. These large and sturdy craft were considered a part of the family and were given great respect. The bow of the canoe is always formed into the head of a deer and a small block of charcoal covered wood is the 'heart' of the canoe. No angry words or conflict is allowed on this craft and is considered a great form of disrespect. If such contention takes place, the offending parties are paddled to the side of the river and are set ashore to find another way to their destination.
Tipis consist of four elements: a set of ten to fifteen sapling poles, a canvas or skin cover (the outer shape familiar from photographs), an inner canvas or skin lining, and a canvas or skin door. Ropes and pegs are required to bind the poles, close the cover, attach the lining and door, and anchor the resulting structure to the ground. Tipis are distinguished from other tents by two crucial innovations: the opening at the top and the smoke flaps, which allow the dweller to cook and heat themselves with an open fire, and the lining, which supplies a steady, controlled flow of fresh air to fire and dwellers in almost any weather. Tipis are designed to be easily set up to allow camps to be moved to follow game migrations, especially the bison. The long poles could be used to construct a dog or later horse-pulled travois.
Tipi covers are made by sewing together strips of canvas or hide and cutting out a semicircular shape from the resulting surface. Trimming this shape yields a door and the smoke flaps that allow the dwellers to control their fires. The lining is the most difficult element to measure, since it consists of lozenge-shaped strips of canvas assembled to form the shape of a truncated cone. The poles, made of peeled, polished and dried saplings, are cut to measure about six feet more than the radius of the cover. From Wikipedia.com
Snake rattle, sage, chocolate, and Dr. Rush's Bilious Pills were just a few of the medicines packed in the medicine chest of Captain M. Lewis. In preparation for leading the Corps west, Meriwether Lewis studied for one month with the famous physician, Dr. Benjamin Rush. Dr. Rush was a professor of medical theory and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania. Although many of the chemicals in the medicine chest would now be considered poison and toxic, they were used with some result in the practice of medicine popular at that time: the removal of disease by flushing it out of the body and by bleeding.
On a side note, Dr. Rush was a founding father of the United States. An original signer of the Declaration of Independence, he was a personal friend of Benjamin Franklin and fought for the removal of George Washington after a series of war defeats (something he later regretted).
Friday, April 28, 2006
Thursday, April 27, 2006
Wednesday, April 26, 2006
"What is the most wonderful thing for people like myself who follow the Way of Tea? My answer: the oneness of host and guest created through 'meeting heart to heart' and sharing a bowl of tea."
Grand Master XIV
Urasenke School of Tea
Tuesday, April 25, 2006
Afternoon Tea at the Columbia Gorge Hotel
Served on Sunday's from 1:00 - 3:00
- A pot of Hot Tea (Herbal Available)
- Assorted Columbia Gorge Hotel Specialty Sandwiches
- Scrumptious Scones with Crème Royale and Jam
- Savory Quiches
- Seasonal Fresh Fruit
- Juicy Chocolate Dipped Strawberries
- Guilty Pleasures from the Pastry Chef
- Delectable Seasonal Fruit Trifle